Judith Butler is Maxine Elliot Professor in the Departments of Rhetoric and Comparative Literature and the co-director of the Program of Critical Theory at the University of California, Berkeley. She received her Ph.D. in Philosophy from Yale University in 1984 on the French reception of Hegel. She is the author of Subjects of Desire: Hegelian Reflections in Twentieth-Century France (Columbia University Press, 1987); Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (Routledge, 1990); Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex" (Routledge, 1993); The Psychic Life of Power: Theories of Subjection (Stanford University Press, 1997); Excitable Speech (Routledge, 1997); Antigone's Claim: Kinship Between Life and Death (Columbia University Press, 2000); Precarious Life: Powers of Violence and Mourning (Verso, 2004); Undoing Gender (Routledge, 2004); Who Sings the Nation-State?: Language, Politics, Belonging with Gayatri Spivak (Seagull Books, 2008): Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? (Verso, 2009), and Is Critique Secular? co-written with Talal Asad, Saba Mahmood, and Wendy Brown (Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities, UC Berkeley, 2009). She is also active in gender and sexual politics and human rights, anti-war politics, and Jewish Voice for Peace. She is presently the recipient of the Andrew Mellon Award for Distinguished Academic Achievement in the Humanities.